Nature and Ethnicity in East European Paganism: An Environmental Ethic of the Religious Right?

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Nature and Ethnicity in East European Paganism: An Environmental Ethic of the Religious Right?Adrian Ivakhiv

Paganism is frequently cast by Anglo-American scholars as a form of "nature religion." Some have also identified its political leanings as left rather than right. This article tests these preconceptions against the evidence provided by East European, especially Ukrainian, Paganism or "Native Faith." The author examines Native Faith notions of nature as land, as "blood," and as "tradition," and argues that these are underpinned by a concept of "territorialized ethnicity"—the belief that ethnic communities are natural and biological entities rooted in specific geographical territories.
The article traces this idea to its precursors in European and Soviet thought, and suggests that it may be more commonly found around the world than Western theorists presume. In light of such a different understanding of nature, the concept of "nature religion" may need to be rethought.